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Essay Writing Skills With Readings + Connect Grammar

Preface xxii

Part 1: Essay Writing 1

Chapter 1 An Introduction to Writing 2

Point and Support 3

Structure of the Traditional Essay 6

Benefits of Writing the Traditional Essay 11

Writing as a Skill 11

Writing as a Process of Discovery 12

Writing as a Way to Communicate with Others 13

Keeping a Journal 14

Tips on Using a Computer 15

Review Activities 17

Using This Text 20

Chapter 2 The Writing Process 22

Prewriting 23

Writing a First Draft 31

Revising 33

Editing 35

Review Activities 38

Chapter 3 The First and Second Steps in Essay Writing 50

Step 1: Begin with a Point, or Thesis 51

Step 2: Support the Thesis with Specific Evidence 60

Practice in Advancing and Supporting a Thesis 67

Chapter 4 The Third Step in Essay Writing 83

Step 3: Organize and Connect the Specific Evidence 84

Introductions, Conclusions, and Titles 94

Practice in Organizing and Connecting Specific Evidence 102

Chapter 5 The Fourth Step in Essay Writing 110

Revising Sentences 111

Editing Sentences 130

Practice in Revising Sentences 133

Chapter 6 Four Bases for Revising Essays 144

Base 1: Unity 145

Base 2: Support 148

Base 3: Coherence 152

Base 4: Sentence Skills 155

Practice in Using the Four Bases 159

Part 2: Patterns of Essay Development 173

Chapter 7 Introduction to Essay Development 174

Important Considerations in Essay Development 175

Patterns of Essay Development 180

Chapter 8 Description 182

READING: Lou's Place by Beth Johnson 192

Chapter 9 Narration 203

READING: The Yellow Ribbon by Pete Hamill 214

Chapter 10 Exemplification 222

READING: Dad by Andrew H. Malcolm 233

Chapter 11 Process 242

READING: How to Do Well on a Job Interview by Glenda Davis 251

Chapter 12 Cause and/or Effect 260

READING: Taming the Anger Monster by Anne Davidson 269

Chapter 13 Comparison and/or Contrast 281

READING: Born to Be Different? by Camille Lewis 293

Chapter 14 Definition 304

READING: Television Addiction by Marie Winn 313

Chapter 15 Division-Classification 325

READING: Wait Divisions by Tom Bodett 334

Chapter 16 Argument 343

READING: Ban the Things. Ban Them All. by Molly Ivins 356

Part 3: Special Skills 365

Chapter 17 Taking Essay Exams 366

Chapter 18 Writing a Summary 375

Chapter 19 Writing a Report 387

Chapter 20 Writing a Résumé and Cover Letter 392

Chapter 21 Using the Library and the Internet 399

Using the Library 400

Using the Internet 407

Practice in Using the Library and the Internet 411

Chapter 22 Writing a Research Paper 413

Model Paper 427

Part 4: Handbook of Sentence Skills 439

SECTION 1: Grammar 440

Chapter 23 Subjects and Verbs 441

Chapter 24 Fragments 447

Chapter 25 Run-Ons 460

Chapter 26 Regular and Irregular Verbs 473

Chapter 27 Subject-Verb Agreement 484

Words between Subject and Verb 485

Verb before Subject 485

Compound Subjects 486

Indefinite Pronouns 487

Chapter 28 Additional Information about Verbs 490

Verb Tense 490

Helping Verbs 491

Verbals 492

Chapter 29 Pronoun Agreement and Reference 494

Pronoun Agreement 495

Pronoun Reference 497

Chapter 30 Pronoun Types 500

Subject and Object Pronouns 500

Possessive Pronouns 504

Chapter 31 Adjectives and Adverbs 507

Adjectives 507

Adverbs 509

Chapter 32 Misplaced Modifiers 513

Chapter 33 Dangling Modifiers 517

SECTION 2: Mechanics 522

Chapter 34 Manuscript Form 523

Chapter 35 Capital Letters 526

Main Uses of Capital Letters 526

Other Uses of Capital Letters 529

Unnecessary Use of Capitals 532

Chapter 36 Numbers and Abbreviations 534

Numbers 535

Abbreviations 536

SECTION 3: Punctuation 538

Chapter 37 Apostrophe 539

Apostrophe in Contractions 540

Apostrophe to Show Ownership or Possession 541

Chapter 38 Quotation Marks 546

Chapter 39 Comma 554

Six Main Uses of the Comma 554

Chapter 40 Other Punctuation Marks 564

Colon (:) 564

Semicolon (;) 565

Dash (-) 565

Parentheses () 566

Hyphen (-) 567

SECTION 4: Word Use 569

Chapter 41 Spelling Improvement 570

Chapter 42 Commonly Confused Words 575

Homonyms 575

Other Words Frequently Confused 580

Chapter 43 Effective Word Choice 585

Chapter 44 Editing Tests 592

Chapter 45 ESL Pointers 605

Articles with Count and Noncount Nouns 606

Subjects and Verbs 610

Adjectives 615

Prepositions Used for Time and Place 617

Correction Symbols 620

Part 5: Readings for Writers 621

Introduction to the Readings 622

Looking Inward 627

from Self-Reliance, Ralph Waldo Emerson 627

Three Passions, Bertrand Russell 632

Shame, Dick Gregory 636

I Became Her Target, Roger Wilkins 643

Stepping into the Light, Tanya Savory 650

A Hanging, George Orwell 658

What Your Closet Reveals About You, Amy Tan 667

Observing Others 674

The Professor Is a Dropout, Beth Johnson 674

The Certainty of Fear, Audra Kendall 684

What’s Wrong with Schools? Teacher Plays Student, Learns to Lie and Cheat, Casey Banas 691

Propaganda Techniques in Today’s Advertising, Ann McClintock 697

Confronting Problems 707

Chief Seattle's Speech of 1854, Chief Seattle 707

Single-Sex Schools: An Old Idea Whose Time Has Come, Diane Urbina 715

Here’s to Your Health, Joan Dunayer 722

Mayor of Rust, Sue Halpern 728

How to Make It in College, Now That You’re Here, Brian O’Keeney 739

College Lectures: Is Anybody Listening?, David Daniels 748

Is Sex All That Matters?, Joyee Garity 755

Reading Comprehension Chart 763

Credits C-1

Index I-1

Instructor’s Guide IG-1

Suggested Approaches and Techniques IG-2

A Model Syllabus IG-14

Suggested Answers to the Discussion Questions in Parts IG-20

Contents

Readings Listed by Rhetorical Mode 0

Preface 0

Part 1 Essay Writing 1      

  1. An Introduction to Writing 0

Point and Support 0

Structure of the Traditional Essay 0

Benefits of Writing the Traditional Essay 00

Writing as a Skill 00

Writing as a Process of Discovery 00

Writing as a Way to Communicate with Others 00

Keeping a Journal 00

Using Technology to Work Efficiently 00

MLA Format 00

Review Activities 00

Using This Text 00

  1. The Writing Process 00

Prewriting 00

Writing a First Draft 00

Revising 00

Editing 00

Review Activities 00

  1. The First and Second Steps in Essay Writing 00

Step 1: Begin with a Point, or Thesis 00

Step 2: Support the Thesis with Specific Evidence 00

Practice in Advancing and Supporting a Thesis 00

  1. The Third Step in Essay Writing 00

Step 3: Organize and Connect the Specific Evidence 00

Introductions, Conclusions, and Titles 00

Practice in Organizing and Connecting Specific Evidence 000

  1. The Fourth Step in Essay Writing 000

Revising Sentences 000

Editing Sentences 000

Practice in Revising Sentences 000

  1. Four Bases for Revising Essays 000

Base 1: Unity 000

Base 2: Support 000

Base 3: Coherence 000

Base 4: Sentence Skills 000

Practice in Using the Four Bases 000

  1. Developing an Essay 000

Important Considerations in Essay Development 000

The Writing Process in Action 000

A Look Ahead to Part Two: Patterns of Essay Development 000

Part 2 Patterns of Essay Development 000

  1. Description 000

Student Essays to Consider 000

Developing an Essay with Emphasis on Description 000

A Model Essay to Consider 000

     READINGLou’s Place by Beth Johnson 000

  1. Narration 000

Student Essays to Consider 000

Developing an Essay with Emphasis on Narration 000

A Model Essay to Consider 000

READINGThe Teacher Who Changed My Life by Nicholas Gage 000

  1. Exemplification 000

Student Essays to Consider 000

Developing an Essay with Emphasis on Exemplification 000

A Model Essay to Consider 000

READINGDad by Andrew H. Malcolm 000

  1. Process 000

Student Essays to Consider 000

Developing an Essay with Emphasis on Process 000

A Model Essay to Consider 000

READINGHow to Do Well on a Job Interview by Glenda Davis 000

  1. Cause and/or Effect 000

Student Essays to Consider 000

Developing an Essay with Emphasis on Cause and/or Effect 000

A Model Essay to Consider 000

READINGTaming the Anger Monster by Anne Davidson 000

  1. Comparison and/or Contrast 000

Methods of Development 000

Student Essays to Consider 000

Developing an Essay with Emphasis on Comparison and/or Contrast 000

A Model Essay to Consider 000

READINGBorn to Be Different? by Camille Lewis 000

  1. Definition 000

Student Essays to Consider 000

Developing an Essay with Emphasis on Definition 000

A Model Essay to Consider 000

READINGPropaganda Techniques in Today’s Advertisingby Ann McClintock 000

  1. Division-Classification 000

Student Essays to Consider 000

Developing an Essay with Emphasis on Division-Classification 000

A Model Essay to Consider 000

READINGThe 5 Types of Friends Worth Holding Onto for Dear Life by Shelley Emling 000

  1. Argument 000

Strategies for Argument 000

Student Essays to Consider 000

Developing an Essay with Emphasis on Argument 000

A Model Essay to Consider 000

READINGEssay on the Importance of Teaching Failureby Edward Burger 000

 

Part 3 Researching, Writing, and Documenting 000

  1. Information Literacy 000

             Using Online Sources Effectively 000

             Using the Library in the Context of the Digital World 000

  1. Summarizing and Paraphrasing 000

             Identifying and Avoiding Plagiarism 000

             Writing a Summary 000

             A Model Summary of an Article 000

             Writing a Paraphrase 000

             Using Direct Quotations 000

 

  1. Writing a Source-Based Essay 000

             Planning Ahead and Taking Notes 000

             Understanding How To Incorporate Sources 000

             Citing Sources 000

             A Model Literary Analysis 000

             Model Rhetorical Analysis 000

  1. Writing a Research Essay 000

             Getting Started and Creating a Schedule 000

             Selecting a Topic That You Can Readily Research 000

             Limiting Your Topic and Making the Purpose of Your Paper Clear 000

             Brainstorming What You Know 000

             Gathering Information on Your Limited Topic 000

             Keeping Track of Your Sources and Taking Notes 000

             Writing the Paper 000

             A Model Research Essay 000

Part 4 Handbook of Sentence Skills 000

SECTION I Grammar 000

  1. Subjects and Verbs 000

A Simple Way to Find a Subject 000

A Simple Way to Find a Verb 000

More about Subjects and Verbs 000

  1. Fragments 000

Dependent-Word Fragments 000

-ing and to Fragments 000

Added-Detail Fragments 000

Missing-Subject Fragments 000

  1. Run-Ons 000

What Are Run-Ons? 000

Three Ways to Correct Run-Ons 000

  1. Regular and Irregular Verbs 000

Regular Verbs 000

Irregular Verbs 000

  1. Subject-Verb Agreement 000

Words between Subject and Verb 000

Verb before Subject 000

Compound Subjects 000

Indefinite Pronouns 000

  1. More about Verbs 000

Verb Tense 000

Helping Verbs 000

Verbals 000

  1. Pronoun Agreement and Reference 000

Pronoun Agreement 000