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Write References Instead Of Bibliography Latex

How to change the name of abstract and References or Bibliography:

To change the names of abstract or reference or bibliography, just the follow the hints given below:

  • For changing the name of Abstract use the following command:


        It will change the name of abstract from Abstract to ABSTRACT.

  • For changing the name of References or Bibliography use the following commands:




      It will change the name of references from References to REFERENCES and the name of bibliography from Bibliography to BIBLIOGRAPHY.


In most cases, you will use a environment to enclose the list of literature citations used in your thesis. However, if you would like to include useful works that you have not actually cited, you should use a environment instead.

If you are using BibTeX to extract the references from one or more bibliographic databases, use these commands inside the environment:

\begin{References} \bibliography{, , ...} \bibliographystyle{} \end{References}

The arguments to the command are the names of your bibliographic databases, separated by commas.

The argument to the command specifies how you want to format your references.

Here is an example. Suppose you are writing an article on geopataphysics, and you have two bibliographic database files named and , and you are using the American Psychology Association style.

\begin{References} \bibliography{georefs, patarefs} \bibliographystyle{apalike} \end{References}

Be sure to use the correct workflow for LaTeX documents using BibTeX: process the document once through , then once through , and then twice more through , to be sure the references are correctly linked to the text.

If you want to include works defined in the bibliography that you have not cited, place this command somewhere in the body of your text, and all the works will be displayed in the bibliography:



You must have at least one or in the body of the text to produce a section, because LaTeX will include only the references from your file that you actually cite. If you don't cite any references, the command will produce this error message:

LaTeX Error: Something's wrong--perhaps a missing \item.

An alternative to BibTeX is to place your reference entries directly in the document. Here is the general form:

\begin{References} \begin{thebibliography} \bibitem … \bibitem … … \end{thebibliography} \end{References}

In the text that follows each command, any additional formatting must be done with explicit commands. For example, if you prefer to italicize a journal title, you must enclose it in a or similar command.

7.4.2. Including references directly