I'm doing an EPQ on Social Media but I'm struggling with the structure of my essay... any tips/examples people have?
my teacher told me to do it this way:
-Introduction - outline question
-Literature Review - basic history of the topic, e.g. who was the first person to think about wind energy ect..
- Main discussion - use questions as subheadings and answer these questions
- Smoke weed
I haven't done any of it yet!
Here is the structure I used for my EPQ and what to put in each section:
Start by introducing your question, for example: “The question I am researching is "...?", then explain the aim of your project, i.e. what you plan to find out. Also mention what sources of information you will use, and how your essay is going to be structured. These are easiest to write about at the end of the project, so don't worry about writing a thorough introduction straight away.
Here you should discuss all of the main points and arguments which will help to answer your question. This should be the bulk of your essay; remember to use paragraphs and reference any quotes you use so that the examiner can refer to them in the bibliography. Use at least 3 different sources throughout your essay, for example a book, a website and a TV programme (you get marks specifically for using a variety of sources).
In the conclusion you should briefly discuss the most significant points/arguments again and come to a conclusion which answers your original title question.
I hope this helps
Writing a conclusion can be challenging but
it need not be. Here are some words that will
help you to write the conclusion to your EPQ.
Most of the time, using the word or phrase in
the middle of a sentence is better thanmaking
it the first word of the conclusion.
for these reasons
as a result of
all in all
A generic structure that youmay find useful is:
Brief recap of what you have covered in relation to the essay title.
Reference to the larger issue.
Highlight the most important aspects.
Evaluate the main arguments.
See page 95 for a detailed explanation of these. Here is an exemplar conclusion:
Structure of this section of your report
How does Geoffrey Chaucer present women in
The Canterbury Tales?
This essay has looked at the debate surrounding the way in which Chaucer
presents the role of women in his work.
to the larger
In Chaucer’s ‘Canterbury Tales’, female narrators and characters function
as a focus to explore women’s gender roles and their struggle for maistre
(sovereignty). Even though Chaucer is a man writing about women, he
experiments with the feminine voice, thus he uses his tales to disseminate his
knowledge of women’s unfair oppression, perhaps hoping to spark a discussion
on women’s subjugation.
Chaucer wrote in a misogynistic era where women were seen as either pure or
sinful, known as the Mary and Eve dichotomy. Yet many of his tales challenge
this medieval stereotype of women. According to Martin (1990) Chaucer’s
female narrators cannot be judged by today’s standards of feminism; however,
when they are examined from the medieval point of view, ‘the undertone
of feminism in their behaviour and tales emerges. They are concerned with
bettering the conditions for women, they challenge the authorities in their tales’.
In the ‘Clerk’s Tale’, I have highlighted Griselde’s qualities of weakness and virtue
that comply with the medieval Mary stereotype but consider the alternative view
that in her pursuit of virtue Griselde abandons motherly compassion. Concerning
the Merchant’s Tale, May’s ability to deceive conforms to the Eve stereotype
but alternatively as a peasant woman who overpowers her socially superior
husband she is arguably a Marxist feminist figure of interest. In the ‘Wife of
Bath’s Tale’ the protagonist can be seen as both a pro- and anti-feminist model.
Finally, Chaucer finds a middle ground between the chaste and pure women by
presenting Dorigen in the ‘Franklin’s Tale’ as her husband’s equal in marriage
but also as a woman striving to maintain her reputation and faithfulness. She is
unafraid to assert her opinion and this is what leads to success in marriage.
Chaucer’s varied portrayal of female characters suggests that he completely
rejects the accepted medieval female stereotypes, opting to portray that there
existed not just one single medieval woman but some who conformed to the
medieval ideal while others did not.
Highlight the conclusion words used in the text below and identify the take-
Whether ‘medical marijuana’ (
used to treat a wide variety of
pathologic states) should be accorded the status of a legitimate pharmaceutical
agent has long been a contentious issue. In effect the decision whether to legalise
the medical use of marijuana should be based on a dispassionate scientific analysis.
Indeed, a number of such investigations have recently been published in the peer-
reviewed literature. Data from these
studies suggest that medical marijuana has
demonstrated safety and efficacy in
treating several devastating human pathologies.
Some individuals as a result may believe
that this documentation now warrants
marijuana’s approval for use as a legitimate therapeutic agent. Others may think
that additional scientific scrutiny is necessary. So should marijuana be approved as
a bona fide medication? In conclusion, this essay was not intended to provide an
answer, instead it has strongly argued in favour of the concept that scientific data and
methodology, rather than political and ideological considerations, ultimately should
lead to a rational decision. Whether the data derived from current and future scientific
investigations will justify the approval or disapproval of medical marijuana remains a
challenging issue for the future.
See suggested answers on page 124.
Items that can usefully go in the appendices are
those that a reader would want to see, but which
would take up toomuch space and disrupt the
flow if placed within the main text. Make sure
you reference the appendices within the main text
Each appendix should be identified by a Roman
numeral in sequence, i.e. Appendix I, Appendix
II, etc. Each appendix should contain different
Don’t go overboard and produce masses of extra
material – it won’t win the respect of a moderator
who then has to wade throughmasses of material.
Make sure you include the essentials from this list:
Raw data, e.g. test scores for each participant.
Explanation of formulas for data analysis.
Specialised computer programs for a particular
Full generic names of chemicals or compounds
that you have referred to in somewhat
abbreviated fashion or by some common name
in the text of your paper.
Diagrams of specialised apparatus.
Copies of questionnaires (one blank and one
completed with names removed).
Figures and tables in appendices
Figures, graphs and tables are often found in an
appendix. These should be formatted as discussed
previously (see page 85) but are numbered in a
separate sequence from those found in the body of
the paper. So, the first figure in the appendix would
be Figure 1, the first table would be Table 1, etc.
Chapter 4 Deve lop and real i se
Powered by FlippingBook