SS Notes 3: Iraq-Kuwait conflict
Causes of conflict
Factors: Economic problems, oil production and dispute over territoryFormat: XXXX is an important cause of conflict between Iraq and Kuwait.Economic problems: Iraq had previously fought a war with Iran, which drained its reserves. As aresult, Iraqs economy was severely weakened. Iraq also had debts to other countries such as the USand France. For example, Iraq owed about US$80 million in debts. Iraq thus had to find ways to payoff its debts and saw Kuwait as a potential solution. Thus the economic problems of Iraq are animportant cause of conflict between Iraq and Kuwait.Oil production: Iraqs main source of income is through the sale of oil. Oil production wasmaintained by OPEC, to prevent a decline in oil prices. However, Kuwait ignored its quota, thus theprice of oil dropped from US$18 to US$7 per barrel. This loss of revenue for Iraq meant that it wasunable to pay off its debts through the sale of oil. This prompted Iraq to look for alternative ways tosettle their debts and looked to Kuwait as a potential solution. Thus oil production is an importantcause of the Iraq-Kuwait conflict.Territorial dispute: Some borders in the region were not well defined as both Iraq and Kuwaitinherited their borders from the British. There were thus clashes between the two countries as theyboth wanted certain territories for themselves. An example is the Rumaila oilfield. The Rumailaoilfield was shared between both countries as its borders were not clearly defined. However in 1990,Iraq claimed that Kuwait had drilled from the Iraq side using slant-drilling technology. Iraqdemanded compensation from Kuwait but Kuwait refused. This led to strained relations between thetwo countries. Thus dispute over territory is an important cause of the Iraq-Kuwait conflict.BOC:Factor>Other factors:Oil production> other 2: Oil production is more important than the other factors as it is the rootcause. Kuwaits overproduction of oil led to Iraqs economic problems as oil was Iraqs main export.Iraqs desperation to solve their economic problems caused by their massive wartime debts ledthem to believe Kuwaits actions were a result of an economic war waged on Iraq. Whether or notthis is true, this caused Iraq to retaliate in the form of disputes over territory, before finallyculminating in an invasion. Thus, the oil production of Kuwait is the most important cause of conflictas it is the root cause.
Reason for invasion
Factors: Iraqs official reason, Saddams leadership and misreading US positionFormat: XXXX is an important reason for Iraqs invasion of Kuwait.Official reason: The Iraqi government claimed to have invaded Kuwait at the request of revolutionaries in Kuwait who were dissatisfied with the ruling government. Using this alibi, Iraq
Causes And Effects Of The Persian Gulf War
Causes and Effects of the Persian Gulf War
The Persian Gulf War, often referred to as Operation Desert Storm, was perhaps one of the most successful war campaigns in the history of warfare. Saddam Hussein, leader of Iraq, invaded Kuwait in 1990. In 1991, after weeks of air strikes, US ground forces entered Iraq and Kuwait and eliminated Iraqi presence in 60 hours.
Why Would Iraq invade Kuwait?
Kuwait supplies much of the world’s oil supplies, and when Hussein invaded Kuwait, he controlled 24% of the world’s oil supplies (O’Hara). Though this is a good reason, it is not the only one. Iraq’s real excuse for annexing Kuwait was that he believed that Kuwait was producing more oil than it was supposed to, taking out of Iraq’s profits.
Also, Iraq was $80 billion in debt to Kuwait, and Iraq thought that the debt should be forgiven (Brown). After Iraq attacked Kuwait, the United States and other countries feared that Saudi Arabia would be next and that the world’s oil supply was in jeopardy. This was the spark that leads to the Persian Gulf War.
There was also controversy with Iraq even before the invasion of Kuwait. Iraq was suspected of developing chemical weapons. The United Nations had often asked to check their weapons supplies to prevent Iraq from gaining great military power. When Iraq refused to let the UN inspectors into the country, suspicion was raised.
One final thing that began the Persian Gulf War was Iraq’s development of the SCUD Missile. Though not as powerful as any weapon in the United States’ arsenal, the SCUD Missile still had the ability to hit any target within 500 miles, and destroy large buildings. Just before the United States began air strikes over Iraq, Hussein decided to test his new weapon on the city of Iraq. Little damage was caused, but it just was another excuse for the United States to attack (NSA).
What happened after the Persian Gulf War?
“Because the world would not look the other way…tonight, Kuwait is free.” Those were the words of President Bush after the end of Operation Desert Storm. Though free, Kuwait was a war torn country. While Iraqi troops were...
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